Dynamic Locking Plate versus Multiple Cancellous Screws for the Fixation of Intracapsular Femoral Neck Fractures: Long-Term Results and Quality-Of-Life Assessment Based on Patient-Reported Outcome Measures

Yoav Krupik*, Sagie Haziza, Ran Thein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical outcomes and quality-of-life measures for two fixation methods in the setting of displaced femoral neck fractures. The two groups included fixation with multiple cancellous screws (group 1) and telescopic femoral neck screws and a small locking plate device (Targon FN) (group 2). Patients underwent reduction and internal fixation with either multiple cancellous screws or the Targon FN device from March 2000 to January 2012. Failure endpoints included nonunion, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, and revision surgery. Patient-reported outcome measures included chronic pain, ability to ambulate, and the use of ambulation assistive devices. Statistical analysis demonstrated a statistically significant lower rate of non-union and overall complication in the Targon FN group (p value < 0.001 and p value = 0.005, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that operative fixation with the Targon FN device decreased the odds ratio for overall complication by a factor of 0.34 (p = 0.02). There were no statistically significant differences between groups 1 and 2 in patient-reported outcomes (chronic pain (p = 0.21), ability to ambulate (p = 0.07), and the use of an ambulation assistive device (p = 0.07)). When compared to traditional cancellous screw fixation of femoral neck fractures, the Targon FN device has significantly lower complication rates and equivalent patient-reported outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1123
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • PROMs
  • hip fracture
  • internal fixation
  • unstable intracapsular fracture

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