Sperm motility in the female genital tract is a key factor in the natural selection of competent cells that will produce a healthy offspring. We created a dynamic three-dimensional (3D) mechanical model of human sperm cells swimming inside cervical canal and uterine cavity dynamic 3D models, all generated based on experimental studies. Using these simulations, we described the sperm cells’ behaviors during swimming inside the 3D tract model as a function of 3D displacement and time. We evaluated normal- and abnormal-morphology sperm cells according to their chances of reaching the oocyte site. As expected, we verified that the number of normal sperm cells that succeeded in reaching the fallopian tube sites is greater than the number of abnormal sperm cells. However, interestingly, after inspecting various abnormal sperm cells, we found out that their scores changed compared to swimming in an infinite medium, as is the case with in vitro fertilization. Thus, the interactions of abnormal sperm cells and the complicated geometry and dynamics of the uterus are significant factors in the filtering of abnormal sperm cells until they reach the oocyte site. Our study provides an advanced tool for sperm analysis and selection criteria for fertility treatments.
- 3D reconstruction
- biomechanical simulation
- finite element model
- measurements of mechanical properties
- vaginal delivery