DWI Hyperintensity in the Fornix Fimbria on MRI in Children

M. S. Rootman*, L. Kornreich, A. N. Osherov, O. Konen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The fornix-fimbria complex is mainly involved in emotions and memory. In brain MR imaging studies of young children, we have occasionally noted DWI hyperintensity in this region. The significance of this finding remains unclear. This study evaluated the DWI signal in the fornix-fimbria complex of children 0–2 years of age, including the frequency of signal hyperintensity and clinical context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brain MR imaging of 714 children 0–2 years of age (mean, 11 months), performed between September 2018 and May 2021, was reviewed and evaluated for DWI signal changes in the fornix-fimbria. All children with available MR imaging studies including DWI were included. Children with poor image quality, poor visualization of the fornix-fimbria region, and missing medical data were excluded. Additional imaging findings were also evaluated. Demographic data were retrieved from the medical files. We compared the ADC values of the fimbria and fornix between children with and without signal changes. The unpaired 2-tailed Student t test and x 2 test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: DWI signal hyperintensity of the Fornix-fimbria complex was noted in 53 (7.4%) children (mean age, 10 months). Their mean ADC values were significantly lower than those of the children with normal DWI findings (P, .05). About half of the children had otherwise normal MR imaging findings. When detected, the most common abnormality was parenchymal volume loss (15%). The most common indication for imaging was seizures (26.5%). CONCLUSIONS: DWI hyperintensity in the fornix-fimbria complex was detected in 7.4% of children 0–2 years of age. The etiology is not entirely clear, possibly reflecting a transient phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-485
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


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