Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

Yanai Ben-Gal, Yaron Moshkovitz, Nachum Nesher, Gideon Uretzky, Rony Braunstein, Alberto Hendler, Einat Zivi, Itzhak Herz, Rephael Mohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Reduction of restenosis and reinterventions was recently reported with percutaneous interventions (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (Cypher). This study compares results of Cypher (Cordis, Miami Lakes, FL) stenting and surgical revascularization in diabetic patients. Methods: From January 2002 to January 2005, 518 consecutive diabetic patients underwent myocardial revascularization; 176 by PCI incorporating Cyphers and 342 treated surgically. Single-vessel patients in the surgical group were treated with the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) and most multivessel patients were treated with two ITAs. After matching for age, sex, right system revascularization, and extent of coronary disease, two groups (86 patients each) were used to compare the two revascularization modalities. Results: Both groups were similar; however, left main, poor ejection fraction, total occlusion, and bifurcation lesions were more prevalent in the surgical group, and in-stent restenosis in the PCI group. The mean number of coronary vessels treated was higher in the surgical group (2.05 vs 1.6, p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 18 months. Overall mortality (early and late) was 2.3% and 3.5% in the Cypher and surgical groups, respectively (p = 0.65). Angina returned in 39.5% of the Cypher group and 15.1% of the surgical group, p < 0.001. There were 25 reinterventions in the Cypher group compared with five in the surgical group (p = 0.010). The Cox proportional hazard model revealed assignment to the Cypher group to be the only independent predictor of reangina (odds ratio [OR] 3.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.63 to 6.53) and reintervention (OR 4.17, 95% CI 1.92 to 20.83). Conlusions: Despite improved results of PCI with Cyphers, midterm clinical outcome of diabetic patients treated surgically is better.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1692-1697
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

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