Microdissected slices of rat hypothalamus were incubated with 3H -dopamine and then subjected to two successive sets of electrical field stimulation in a superfusion chamber. Neurotransmitter release was found to be calcium dependent and the amount of release was determined by scintillation counting of the effluent buffer. The release obtained following the first train of stimuli served as an internal reference. The samples were exposed to drugs during the interval between the two sets of stimuli. Using this technique, as well as K+-evoked depolarization, we were able to show that subnanomolar concentrations of melatonin, the hormone secreted from the pineal gland, inhibits dopamine release from hypothalamic slices. The possibility that melatonin modulates neurotransmission in the brain is therefore indicated.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 26 Feb 1982|