Dominant negative Met reduces tumorigenicity-metastasis and increases tubule formation in mammary cells

Michal Firon, Miriam Shaharabany, Rom T. Altstock, Judith Horev, Armand Abramovici, James H. Resau, George F. Vande Woude, Ilan Tsarfaty*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Activation of the Met tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor by its ligand HGF/SF has been shown to increase in vitro invasiveness in epithelial cell lines. To study the effect of Met-HGF/SF signaling in breast cancer cells, we transfected met, hgf/sf and dominant negative (DN) forms of met into the poorly differentiated metastatic murine mammary adenocarcinoma cell line DA3. These cells express moderate levels of endogenous Met, which is rapidly phosphorylated in response to HGF/SF treatment. Met + hgf/sf transfection results in significantly increased tumorigenic and metastatic activity in vivo accompanied by reduced tubule formation. DA3 cells transfected with DN forms of Met (DN-DA3) exhibit reduced Met phosphorylation following exposure to HGF/SF. Furthermore, as compared to the parental cells, the DN-DA3 cells exhibit diminished in vitro scattering and invasiveness, while in vivo they display greatly reduced tumorigenicity and spontaneous metastasis. Tumors emanating from DN-DA3 cells injected to BALB/C mice are highly differentiated and display extensive tubule formation. These results suggest that Met-HGF/SF signaling is a determining factor in the delicate balance between differentiation/tubule formation and tumorigenicity-metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2386-2397
Number of pages12
Issue number20
StatePublished - 11 May 2000


  • Breast cancer cells
  • Dominant negative
  • HGF/SF
  • Met
  • Tubulogenesis


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