Does the War End When the Shooting Stops? The Psychological Toll of War

Zahava Solomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The unremitting conflict between Israel and its neighbors has created a situation that often exposes soldiers to the repeated stress of a number of wars. Studies conducted by the Research Branch of the Mental Health Department in the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps have focused on the long‐term mental health effects of such trauma. This article brings together the findings of a recent series of studies that examine the effects of both single and repeated exposure to the stress of battle, in terms of: (a) psychiatric breakdowns on the battlefield (Combat Stress Reaction); (b) enduring symptomatology (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder); and (c) the reactivation of previous traumas. Additional findings highlight the transgenerational effects of trauma as evidenced in the susceptibility of offspring of Holocaust survivors to combat stress reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1733-1745
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number21
StatePublished - Dec 1990
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Does the War End When the Shooting Stops? The Psychological Toll of War'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this