Does PACK-CXL change the prognosis of resistant infectious keratitis?

Ofira Zloto*, Irina S. Barequet, Alon Weissman, Orit Ezra Nimni, Yoav Berger, Noa Avni-Zauberman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: To examine the clinical characteristics, treatments, and prognosis of all cases of infectious keratitis resistant to conventional therapy and treated by photoactivated chromophore for keratitis corneal cross-linking (PACK-CXL) in one institution between 2012 and 2016. METHODS: A database search of patients who underwent PACK-CXL (ultraviolet-A for 10 minutes for irradiance of 9 mW/cm2) for infectious keratitis unresponsive to medical treatment at a tertiary care hospital was conducted. The following parameters were documented: patient demographic information, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) before the procedure and at the end of follow-up, characteristics of the ulcer, antibiotic treatment prior to CXL, culture results, and long-term complications. Cases with less than 1 year of follow-up were excluded. RESULTS: PACK-CXL was performed in 18 consecutive eyes. CDVA at the time of presentation was 1.47 logMAR (mean 1.47 ± 0.72 logMAR, range: 0.00 to 2.79 logMAR). Culture results were positive in 72% of eyes (13 of 18 patients) and no pathogens were identified in 28% of eyes (5 of 18 patients). All patients were treated with more than one antibiotic. The mean CDVA at the end of follow-up was 1.22 logMAR (mean: 1.22 ± 0.89 logMAR, range: 0 to 2.07 logMAR). There was no significant change between CDVA at presentation to CDVA at the end of follow-up (matched pair, P = .126). One eye underwent an emergency therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with large, central corneal ulcer and poor CDVA who were resistant to conventional treatment underwent PACK-CXL. At the end of followup, only one eye required emergency penetrating keratoplasty. This low rate might be attributed to a good response to CXL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-563
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


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