Does macroscopic estimation of the extent of placental abruption correlate with pregnancy outcomes?

Michal Levy, Noa Gonen, Michal Kovo, Letizia Schreiber, Or Marom, Giulia Barda, Eldar Volpert, Jacob Bar, Eran Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to study the correlation between the extent of placental abruption (PA), as grossly estimated immediately after delivery, and pregnancy outcomes, in correlation with placental histopathology. Materials and Methods: Pregnancy and placental reports of all pregnancies complicated by PA (clinically diagnosed) between 11/2008-12/2018 were reviewed. We compared maternal background, pregnancy outcomes, and placental histopathology between cases of PA divided into three groups according to the extent of abruption: Group 1-<30 %, Group 2-30−49 %, and Group 3->50 % of placental surface. Placental lesions were classified according to the current “Amsterdam” criteria. The primary outcome was defined as a composite of severe neonatal morbidity and included ≥ 1 of the following complications: seizures, intraventricular hemorrhage, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, periventricular leukomalacia, blood transfusion, necrotizing enterocolitis, intrauterine fetal demise, or neonatal death. Results: A total of 260 PA cases were included: 111 (42.7 %) in Group 1, 94 (36.2 %) in Group 2, and 55 (21.1 %) in Group 3. The rate of the primary outcome (7.2 % vs. 11.7 % vs. 27.3 %, p = 0.02) was associated with the degree of PA as well as maternal heavy smoking (p = 0.04), DIC (p = 0.03), umbilical artery Ph <7.1 (p = 0.02), 5-minute Apgar scores <7 (p = 0.03), NICU admissions, placental maternal vascular malperfusion lesions (p = 0.04), and neonatal weights <5th percentile (0.04). In multivariable analysis severe adverse neonatal outcome was independently associated with the percentage of PA (aOR = 1.4, 95 % CI = 1.3–3.9). Conclusion: The extent of placental abruption, as estimated by the examiner, correlated with DIC and severe neonatal outcomes and may serve as an early alarming sign in deliveries complicated by PA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume254
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Neonatal outcome
  • Placental abruption
  • Placental histopathology

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