Does cryotherapy decrease the local recurrence rate in the treatment of an aneurysmal bone cyst? A comparative assessment

Eran Levanon, Omri Merose, Ortal Segal, Solomon Dadia, Amir Sternheim, Dror Levin, Osnat Sher, Yair Gortzak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Curettage with or without the use of adjuvants is the standard of care in the treatment of an aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC). Historically, our approach combined curettage, high-speed burr drilling, and cryoablation. However, treatments varied based on age, tumor location, and surgeon preference. We asked: (1) Does cryoablation in addition to curettage and burr drilling decrease the local recurrence rates? (2) Are there any risk factors for the local recurrence rate? (3) Does cryoablation improve postsurgical functional outcomes in these patients? Patients treated for an ABC, between January 2006 and December 2019 were included in this retrospective analysis. Patient and surgical characteristics, such as age, gender, tumor location, type of treatment, time of follow-up, recurrence rate, and functional outcome measured by the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score 1993 (MSTS93) score were compared between those treated with and without cryoablation. Both groups, without cryoablation (n = 88) and with cryoablation (n = 42), showed no significant difference in local recurrence rates (9.1% vs. 7.1%, p = 0.553) and functional outcomes as measured by the MSTS93 score (28.9 vs. 27.8, p = 0.262). Risk factors analyzed did not significantly affect local recurrence risk, except for secondary ABC diagnosis (p = 0.017). The cryoablation group had a more extended follow-up (45.6 vs. 73.2 months, p < 0.001), reflecting a shift in practice over time. We found no significant difference in local recurrence rate or functional outcome in patients treated with or without cryoablation. Formal curettage with additional high-speed burr drilling provides effective tumor control and favorable functional outcomes, negating the need for adjuvant cryoablation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • aneurysmal bone cyst
  • cryoablation
  • local adjuvant
  • local recurrence
  • surgical complication

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