Does controlled ovarian stimulation prior to chemotherapy increase primordial follicle loss and diminish ovarian reserve? An animal study

E. Maman, K. Prokopis, J. Levron, A. Carmely, J. Dor, D. Meirow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Storage of embryos for fertility preservation before chemotherapy is widely practiced. For multiple oocyte collection, the ovaries are hyperstimulated with gonadotrophins that significantly alter ovarian physiology. The effects of ovarian stimulation prior to chemotherapy on future ovarian reserve were investigated in an animal model. METHODS: Cyclophosphamide (Cy) in doses of 0, 50 or 100 mg/kg was administered to 38 adult mice (control, unstimulated). A second group of 12 mice were superovulated with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG, 10 IU on Day 0) before Cy administration; hCG (10 IU) was administered (Day 2) followed by 0, 50 or 100 mg/kg Cy (Day 4). In both groups ovaries were removed, serially sectioned (7-day post-Cy), primordial follicles were counted and differences between groups evaluated. RESULTS: Follicle number dropped from 469 ± 24 (mean ± SE) to 307 ± 27 and 234 ± 19 with 50 or 100 mg/kg Cy, respectively (P < 0.0001). In the eCG pretreated group, follicle count dropped from 480 ± 31 to 345 ± 16 and 211 ± 26 when 50 or 100 mg/kg Cy were administered (P < 0.0001). There were no significant differences in follicle count between the pretreated eCG group and controls for each chemotherapy dose. CONCLUSIONS: This animal study indicates that ovarian stimulation before administration of Cy does not adversely affect ovarian reserve post-treatment. These results provide support for the safety of fertility preservation using ovarian stimulation and IVF-embryo cryopreservation procedures prior to chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-210
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Fertility preservation
  • IVF
  • Ovarian stimulation
  • Primordial follicles

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