Does Bariatric Surgery Affect Intraocular Pressure?

Mordechai Shimonov*, Idan Hecht, Veronika Yehezkeli, Idit Maharshak, Asaf Achiron, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The effect of body mass index (BMI) reduction following bariatric surgery on intraocular pressure (IOP) is not well established. We evaluated association between BMI reduction and IOP measurements and other ocular and metabolic parameters 1 year after bariatric surgery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study with over 1-year follow-up on patients who underwent weight reduction bariatric surgery between January 2016 and December 2016 at Wolfson Medical Center, Israel. Patient data was extracted from outpatient’s bariatric and ocular clinic records. Metabolic, ocular, and clinical parameters were assessed including BMI changes, IOP, central corneal and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, optical coherence tomography, and biometry results. Results: Of 22 bariatric surgery patients, 15 underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and 7 laparoscopic mini gastric bypass (MGB). All were followed up for over 1 year after surgery. Average BMI decreased from 41.9 ± 7.3 to 25.5 ± 5.7 kg/m2 at 1-year follow-up (p < 0.001). Mean IOP decreased significantly by 21% after 1 year (p < 0.001). Decrease in IOP 1 year after surgery was correlated with decrease in IOP at 3-month follow-up (r = 0.677, p = 0.001), preoperative IOP (r = 0.837, p < 0.001), and corneal thickness (r = 0.589, p = 0.006), with no correlation between reduction in IOP and baseline weight, BMI, or the reduction in either (p > 0.05). Central corneal thickness and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness were also significantly decreased (p = 0.038) and (p = 0.018), respectively. Conclusion: BMI reduction achieved by bariatric surgery was associated with significant and continued decline in IOP beyond 1 year after surgery. Clinical implications highlight the importance of considering bariatric surgery in patients with ocular hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3742-3746
Number of pages5
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • BMI
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Body mass index
  • Glaucoma
  • IOP
  • Intraocular pressure


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