Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe a case series of infants with isolated congenital sixth nerve palsy (ICSNP) and suggest a management algorithm based on our experience and a review of the literature. Methods: A retrospective cohort design was used. The clinical database of a single tertiary medical center was reviewed to identify all patients diagnosed with ICSNP from January 2020 to November 2022. Data were collected as follows: demographic parameters, age at initial presentation, presenting symptoms and signs, findings on ophthalmic and neurologic examinations, findings on follow-up, and outcome. Results: Six patients were included. All were born at term. The average gestational weight was 3675.7 ± 262.7 g. Three mothers had gestational diabetes. Five deliveries necessitated labor induction either by oxytocin (n = 4) or by membrane stripping followed by oxytocin (n = 1). One had also gone a forceps assisted delivery. Symptoms were noticed in all newborns by their parents within the first week of life. Ophthalmological and neurological examinations were otherwise unremarkable apart of one patient with a head turn to the side of the involved eye. Four patients underwent brain imaging that were unremarkable. All abduction deficits resolved by 1 to 3 months of age. Follow up examinations were unremarkable (mean follow up 14.3 ± 5.0 months, range 4–23). Conclusions: This case series, together with previous reports, support ICSNP’s benign nature. We suggest an initial basic work-up that solely includes ophthalmological and neurological examinations which will be elaborated in case of any additional pathologic findings or if ICSNP does not fully resolve by 3 months.
|Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
|Accepted/In press - 2023
- Congenital 6th nerve palsy
- Congenital abducens nerve palsy
- Congenital esotropia
- Isolated 6th nerve palsy
- Isolated abducens nerve palsy