Do dental impression materials play a role in cross contamination?

Shlomo Matalon, Amir Eini, Colin Gorfil, Ariel Ben-Amar, Hagay Slutzky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Dentists are required to institute infectious control procedures. Dental impression materials possessing antimicrobial properties may aid in reducing the risk of cross contamination since impression materials might play a role as carriers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of four impression materials. Method and Materials: Four impression materials-Orthoprint, Impregum Penta, Aquasil Ultra Monophase, and Permlastic-were evaluated by the direct contact test. The materials were tested in contact with Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Candida albicans. The materials were mixed; allowed to set; and examined immediately and after aging for 24, 48, and 72 hours and 1 week. Two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey multiple comparison procedures were applied to the results. Results: Impregum Penta presented the broadest antibacterial spectrum of all the materials tested. There was a complete growth inhibition of S aureus and S epidermidis, and it sustained this ability for at least 7 days. It also showed an antifungal effect by partially inhibiting the growth of C albicans, a quality that was seen only immediately after setting. Aquasil Ultra showed an antifungal effect only immediately after setting. Permlastic showed a complete growth inhibition when in contact with C albicans and sustained this ability for at least 7 days. No significant antimicrobial properties were recorded for Orthoprint. When in contact with E faecalis, no significant antibacterial properties were recorded for any of the materials. Conclusion: None of the tested materials exhibited a long-lasting or complete antibacterial and antifungal property. Therefore, disinfection of impressions is essential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e124-e130
JournalQuintessence International
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2011


  • Antibacterial
  • Cross contamination
  • Impression materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Do dental impression materials play a role in cross contamination?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this