Diversity among isolates of Verticillium lecanii as Expressed by DNA polymorphism and virulence towards Bemisia tabaci

Henia Mor*, Galina Gindin, I. S. Ben-Ze'ev, B. Raccah, N. U. Geschtovt, Nazira Ajtkhozhina, I. Barash

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thirty-six isolates of Verticillium lecanii and Verticillium sp. were from different hosts (both insects and rusts) and geographical locations. The isolates were analyzed for genomic variablity, as expressed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), in relation to virulence on Bemisia tabaci. Virulence on larvae of B. tabaci within these isolates ranged from 0% to 83%. RAPD analysis was performed employing two different arbitrary decamer primers and the calculated similarity coefficients were subjected to cluster analysis using the unweighted average linkage (UPGMA) algorithm. The dendrograms obtained with each of the two primers were identical. Eight cluster groups and three iunclustered isolates were obtained by selecting a similarity level of 80%. The amplification pattern of DNA obtained by RAPD for the various isolates suggested that V. lecanii is a highly diverse species. No correlation could be established between virulence and either RAPD polymorphism of the fungal isolates or the insect host from which they were isolated. Generally, no correlation could be established between the clustering of V. lecanii strain and geographical location although a limited number of strains obtained from Russia and Georgia were assembled in the same cluster and those from Kazakhstan were clonal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalPhytoparasitica
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Bemisia tabaci
  • DNA polymorphism
  • Entomopathogenic fungi
  • Verticillium lecanii
  • Virulence

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