The activity of amine bis(phenolate) Ti dibenzyl complexes in 1-hexene polymerization catalysis as a function of the phenolate substituents was investigated. Two series of Ti complexes carrying either a dimethylamino or a methoxy sidearm donor were prepared and characterized. In each series, the substituents on the phenolate rings were either alkyl groups of varying bulk or electron-withdrawing chloro groups. When activated with a suitable Lewis acid, all precatalysts have shown reactivity toward 1-hexene. Different structure-activity trends were observed in the two series: The activity of the catalysts of the "OMe" series was low to moderate and was almost independent of the phenolate substituents. In contrast, the activity of the "NMe2" catalysts had a strong dependence on both the steric and electronic character of the phenolate substituents, ranging from mild to highly active. The difference in polymerization activity trends between the two series may be traced back to their different tendency toward misinsertions. A "NMe2"-Ti complex having Cl groups in the ortho, para positions of the phenolate rings led to the most active catalyst and to a remarkably high-Mw polymer (>4 000 000) obtained within 1 h of polymerization at RT. The characterization of this ultrahigh-Mw atactic poly(1-hexene) by means of oscillatory rheometry and stress relaxation experiments indicated typical elastomeric behavior at RT.