Distributive environmental justice in the city: Differential access in two mixed Israeli cities

Itzhak Omer, Udi Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The socio-economic inferiority of the Arab minority compared to the Jewish majority and the unequal distribution of resources between Jewish and Arab towns in Israel are well known facts. However, so far there has been no evidence establishing whether unequal resource allocation also occurs within mixed Jewish-Arab cities. Based on high-resolution sociodemographic and infrastructure data, this paper examines the access that populations of differing socio-economic levels and ethnic identity have to green spaces in the mixed Jewish-Arab cities of Ramla and Lod. Results show that the Arab minority in these cities has much less access to green spaces than the Jewish majority. The findings produced in this study can serve as a basis for public debates concerning injustice in the distribution of urban services and help urban planners achieve a more balanced and fair allocation. It can also serve as a powerful too for empowering minorities, social organisations and NGOs and motivating them to act against spatial inequality and social discrimination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalTijdschrift Voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005


  • Accessibility
  • Arab-Jewish relations
  • Distributive justice
  • Environmental justice
  • High-resolution data
  • Mixed Israeli cities


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