Distributed acoustic sensing: How to make the best out of the Rayleigh-backscattered energy?

A. Eyal, H. Gabai, I. Shpatz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Coherent fading noise (also known as speckle noise) affects the SNR and sensitivity of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) systems and makes them random processes of position and time. As in speckle noise, the statistical distribution of DAS SNR is particularly wide and its standard deviation (STD) roughly equals its mean (σSNRSNR 0.89). Trading resolution for SNR may improve the mean SNR but not necessarily narrow its distribution. Here a new approach to achieve both SNR improvement (by sacrificing resolution) and narrowing of the distribution is introduced. The method is based on acquiring high resolution complex backscatter profiles of the sensing fiber, using them to compute complex power profiles of the fiber which retain phase variation information and filtering of the power profiles. The approach is tested via a computer simulation and demonstrates distribution narrowing up to σSNRSNR < 0.2.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors
EditorsLibo Yuan, Youngjoo Chung, Wei Jin, Byoungho Lee, John Canning, Kentaro Nakamura
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510610910
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Event25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, OFS 2017 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 24 Apr 201728 Apr 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10323
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

Conference25th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, OFS 2017
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju
Period24/04/1728/04/17

Keywords

  • Distributed Acoustic Sensing
  • Optical Fiber Sensing
  • Optical Reflectometry
  • Rayleigh Backscattering

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