Distorted Acquisition of Dynamic Events Sensed by Frequency-Scanning Fiber-Optic Interrogators and a Mitigation Strategy

Hari Datta Bhatta, Roy Davidi, Arie Yeredor, Moshe Tur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fiber-optic dynamic interrogators, which use periodic frequency scanning, actually sample a time-varying measurand on a non-uniform time grid. Commonly, however, the sampled values are reported on a uniform time grid, synchronized with the periodic scanning. It is the novel and noteworthy message of this paper that this artificial assignment may give rise to significant distortions in the recovered signal. These distortions increase with both the signal frequency and measurand dynamic range for a given sampling rate and frequency scanning span of the interrogator. They may reach disturbing values in dynamic interrogators, which trade-off scanning speed with scanning span. The paper also calls for manufacturers of such interrogators to report the sampled values along with their instants of acquisition, allowing interpolation algorithms to substantially reduce the distortion. Experimental verification of a simulative analysis includes: (i) a commercial dynamic interrogator of ‘continuous’ FBG fibers that attributes the measurand values to a uniform time grid; as well as (ii) a dynamic Brillouin Optical time Domain (BOTDA) laboratory setup, which provides the sampled measurand values together with the sampling instants. Here, using the available measurand-dependent sampling instants, we demonstrate a significantly cleaner signal recovery using spline interpolation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2403
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Distortion mitigation
  • Fiber-optic sensing
  • Harmonic distortion
  • Non-uniform sampling
  • Post-processing technique

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