Dissipation Indicates Memory Formation in Driven Disordered Systems

Dor Shohat, Yoav Lahini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disordered and amorphous materials often retain memories of perturbations they have experienced since preparation. Studying such memories is a gateway to understanding this challenging class of systems. However, it often requires the ability to measure local structural changes in response to external drives. Here, we show that dissipation is a generic macroscopic indicator of the memory of the largest perturbation. Through experiments in crumpled sheets under cyclic drive, we show that dissipation transiently increases when first surpassing the largest perturbation due to irreversible structural changes with unique statistics. This finding is used to devise novel memory readout protocols based on global observables only. The general applicability of this approach is demonstrated by revealing a similar memory effect in a three-dimensional amorphous solid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number048202
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume130
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation2096/18

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