Discrete solitons and vortices in the two-dimensional Salerno model with competing nonlinearities

J. Gómez-Gardeñes*, B. A. Malomed, L. M. Floría, A. R. Bishop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An anisotropic lattice model in two spatial dimensions, with on-site and intersite cubic nonlinearities (the Salerno model), is introduced, with emphasis on the case in which the intersite nonlinearity is self-defocusing, competing with on-site self-focusing. The model applies, for example, to a dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a deep two-dimensional (2D) optical lattice. Soliton families of two kinds are found in the model: ordinary ones and cuspons, with peakons at the border between them. Stability borders for the ordinary solitons are found, while all cuspons (and peakons) are stable. The Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion does not apply to cuspons, but for the ordinary solitons it correctly identifies the stability limits. In direct simulations, unstable solitons evolve into localized pulsons. Varying the anisotropy parameter, we trace a transition between the solitons in 1D and 2D versions of the model. In the isotropic model, we also construct discrete vortices of two types, on-site and intersite centered (vortex crosses and squares, respectively), and identify their stability regions. In simulations, unstable vortices in the noncompeting model transform into regular solitons, while in the model with the competing nonlinearities they evolve into localized vortical pulsons, which maintain their topological character. Bound states of regular solitons and vortices are constructed too, and their stability is identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number036607
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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