Direct position determination of multiple radio signals

Alon Amar*, Anthony J. Weiss

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The most common methods for localization of radio signal emitters are based on measuring a specified parameter such as signal Angle-of-Arrival (AOA) or Time-of-Arrival (TOA). The measured parameters are then used to estimate the transmitter location. Since the measurements are done at each base station independently, without using the constraint that all AOA/TOA estimates must correspond to the same transmitter they are sub-optimal. Moreover, if the number of array elements at each base station is M the number of co-channel simultaneous transmitters that can be localized is M-1. We propose a technique that uses exactly the same data as the common AOA/TOA methods but the position determination is direct. The proposed method can handle LM-1 co-channel simultaneous signals, using L base stations. Although there are many stray parameters only two-dimensional search is required for a planar geometry and a three-dimensional search for the general case. The technique exploits the principles of the MUSIC algorithm, and provides a natural solution to the measurements-sources association problem that is encountered in AOA/TOA based systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)II81-II84
JournalProceedings - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
StatePublished - 2004
EventProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Montreal, Que, Canada
Duration: 17 May 200421 May 2004


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