The most common methods for localization of radio signal emitters are based on measuring a specified parameter such as signal Angle-of-Arrival (AOA) or Time-of-Arrival (TOA). The measured parameters are then used to estimate the transmitter location. Since the measurements are done at each base station independently, without using the constraint that all AOA/TOA estimates must correspond to the same transmitter they are sub-optimal. Moreover, if the number of array elements at each base station is M the number of co-channel simultaneous transmitters that can be localized is M-1. We propose a technique that uses exactly the same data as the common AOA/TOA methods but the position determination is direct. The proposed method can handle LM-1 co-channel simultaneous signals, using L base stations. Although there are many stray parameters only two-dimensional search is required for a planar geometry and a three-dimensional search for the general case. The technique exploits the principles of the MUSIC algorithm, and provides a natural solution to the measurements-sources association problem that is encountered in AOA/TOA based systems.
|Journal||Proceedings - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing|
|State||Published - 2004|
|Event||Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Montreal, Que, Canada|
Duration: 17 May 2004 → 21 May 2004