Direct luminescence chronology of the Epipaleolithic Kebaran site of Nahal Hadera V, Israel

D. I. Godfrey-Smith*, K. B. Vaughan, Abraham Gopher, Ran Barkai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report direct luminescence ages for the culture-bearing sediments of the Kebaran site of Nahal Hadera V (NHV) in the coastal plain of Israel. Although the site contains, in addition to rich lithic deposits, plentiful mammalian bone, it has proved to be undatable using radiocarbon dating, in spite of the fact that the cultural context places the time of occupation well within the range of radiocarbon dating. In contrast, luminescence dating of the site sediments proved successful. Luminescence ages were determined using the single aliquot additive-dose (SAA) method, applied to sand-sized quartz extracts to determine past equivalent doses (De). Dose rates (R) were calculated using thick source alpha counting for the uranium (U) and thorium (Th) concentrations and x-ray fluorescence analysis for the potassium (K2O) concentration. Of the five samples collected at the site, four represent cultural and subcultural deposits and the fifth represents the geological substrate for the archaeological deposit, a quartz-rich, carbonate-cemented dune sand known as aeolianite or kurkar. The luminescence age of the kurkar is 42.7 ± 6.3 ka Hannan occupation or the site occurred between 21.3 ka and 14.0 ka ago, during the Last Glacial Maximum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-475
Number of pages15
JournalGeoarchaeology - An International Journal
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003

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