Direct interaction of endogenous Kv channels with syntaxin enhances exocytosis by neuroendocrine cells

Dafna Singer-Lahat, Dodo Chikvashvili, Ilana Lotan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

K+ efflux through voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels can attenuate the release of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and hormones by hyperpolarizing the membrane potential and attenuating Ca2+ influx. Notably, direct interaction between Kv2.1 channels overexpressed in PC12 cells and syntaxin has recently been shown to facilitate dense core vesicle (DCV)-mediated release. Here, we focus on endogenous Kv2.1 channels and show that disruption of their interaction with native syntaxin after ATP-dependent priming of the vesicles by Kv2.1 syntaxin-binding peptides inhibits Ca2+-triggered exocytosis of DCVs from cracked PC12 cells in a specific and dose-dependent manner. The inhibition cannot simply be explained by the impairment of the interaction of syntaxin with its SNARE cognates. Thus, direct association between endogenous Kv2.1 and syntaxin enhances exocytosis and in combination with the Kv2.1 inhibitory effect to hyperpolarize the membrane potential, could contribute to the known activity dependence of DCV release in neuroendocrine cells and in dendrites where Kv2.1 commonly expresses and influences release.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1381
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2008

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