Direct generation of spatially entangled qudits using quantum nonlinear optical holography

Ofir Yesharim, Shaul Pearl, Joshua Foley-Comer, Irit Juwiler, Ady Arie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Nonlinear holography shapes the amplitude and phase of generated new harmonics using nonlinear processes. Classical nonlinear holography influenced many fields in optics, from information storage, demultiplexing of spatial information, and all-optical control of accelerating beams. Here, we extend the concept of nonlinear holography to the quantum regime.We directly shape the spatial quantum correlations of entangled photon pairs in two-dimensional patterned nonlinear photonic crystals using spontaneous parametric down conversion, without any pump shaping. The generated signal-idler pair obeys a parity conservation law that is governed by the nonlinear crystal. Furthermore, the quantum states exhibit quantum correlations and violate the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality, thus enabling entanglement-based quantum key distribution. Our demonstration paves the way for controllable on-chip quantum optics schemes using the high-dimensional spatial degree of freedom.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereade7968
JournalScience advances
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 2023


FundersFunder number
Israel Innovation Authority
Ministry of Science, Technology and Space
Israel Science Foundation969/22
Tel Aviv University


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