Diquarks and antiquarks in exotics: A ménage à trois and a ménage à quatre

Marek Karliner, Harry J. Lipkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A ménage à trois is very different from an ordinary family. Similarly, exotic hadrons with both qq and q over(q, ̄) pairs have important color-space correlations that are completely absent in ordinary mesons and baryons. The presence of both types of pairs requires attention to the basic QCD physics that the q over(q, ̄) interaction is much stronger than the qq interaction. This new physics in multiquark systems produces color structures totally different from those of normal hadrons, for example the ud system is utterly unlike the ud diquark in the uds Λ baryon. The color-space correlations produce unusual experimental properties in tetraquarks with heavy quark pairs which may be relevant for newly discovered mesons like the X (3872) resonance. Tetraquark masses can be below the two-meson threshold for sufficiently high quark masses. A simple model calculation shows the b q over(b, ̄) over(u, ̄) and b q over(c, ̄) over(q, ̄) tetraquarks below the B over(B, ̄) and B over(D, ̄) thresholds. Some of these states have exotic electric charge and their decays might have striking signatures involving monoenergetic photons and/or pions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 6 Jul 2006


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