Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a solvent that is commonly used in medicine. Conflicting data exist as to its effects on endothelial function. Endothelial cell dysfunction (ECD) is characterized by decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. Cationic amino acid transporter-1 (CAT-1), the specific arginine transporter for eNOS, has been shown to modulate eNOS activity. We hypothesize that DMSO inhibits eNOS activity through modulation of its selective arginine supplier CAT-1. We studied the effect of DMSO on arginine transport, NO2/NO3 generation as an index of NO production, as well as CAT-1 and Protein Kinase C alpha (PKC-α) (CAT-1 inhibitor) protein expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cell cultures (HUVECs). DMSO 2.5% and 3.5% (v/v) significantly attenuated arginine transport, a phenomenon which was prevented by co-incubation with L-arginine (1 mM). The aforementioned findings were accompanied by a decrease in NO2/NO3 generation. DMSO significantly increased the abundance of phosphorylated CAT-1 (the inactive form) and phosphorylated PKC-α protein, an effect that was attenuated by L-arginine. GO 6976 (PKC-α antagonist) prevented the decrease in arginine transport caused by DMSO. DMSO also induced profound transient morphological changes in HUVEC’’ structure but these were not related to its effect on arginine transport. In conclusion, DMSO inhibits NO generation by endothelial cells through modulation of CAT-1 activity.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 1 Oct 2016|
- Arginine transport
- Endothelial function
- Nitric oxide