Dimensions of Perception: 3D Real-Life Objects Are More Readily Detected Than Their 2D Images

Uri Korisky, Liad Mudrik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Most of our interactions with our environment involve manipulating real 3D objects. Accordingly, 3D objects seem to enjoy preferential processing compared with 2D images, for example, in capturing attention or being better remembered. But are they also more readily perceived? Thus far, the possibility of preferred detection for real 3D objects could not be empirically tested because suppression from awareness has been applied only to on-screen stimuli. Here, using a variant of continuous flash suppression (CFS) with augmented-reality goggles (“real-life” CFS), we managed to suppress both real 3D objects and their 2D representations. In 20 healthy young adults, real objects broke suppression faster than their photographs. Using 3D printing, we also showed in 50 healthy young adults that this finding held only for meaningful objects, whereas no difference was found for meaningless, novel ones (a similar trend was observed in another experiment with 20 subjects, yet it did not reach significance). This suggests that the effect might be mediated by affordances facilitating detection of 3D objects under interocular suppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1636-1648
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Science
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • action
  • affordances
  • consciousness
  • continuous flash suppression
  • open data
  • open materials
  • preregistered
  • real life

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