Dimensional crossover in a layered ferromagnet detected by spin correlation driven distortions

A. Ron, E. Zoghlin, L. Balents, S. D. Wilson, D. Hsieh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Magneto-elastic distortions are commonly detected across magnetic long-range ordering (LRO) transitions. In principle, they are also induced by the magnetic short-range ordering (SRO) that precedes a LRO transition, which contains information about short-range correlations and energetics that are essential for understanding how LRO is established. However these distortions are difficult to resolve because the associated atomic displacements are exceedingly small and do not break symmetry. Here we demonstrate high-multipole nonlinear optical polarimetry as a sensitive and mode selective probe of SRO induced distortions using CrSiTe 3 as a testbed. This compound is composed of weakly bonded sheets of nearly isotropic ferromagnetically interacting spins that, in the Heisenberg limit, would individually be impeded from LRO by the Mermin-Wagner theorem. Our results show that CrSiTe 3 evades this law via a two-step crossover from two- to three-dimensional magnetic SRO, manifested through two successive and previously undetected totally symmetric distortions above its Curie temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1654
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
California NanoSystems Institute
National Science FoundationPHY-1733907
David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences1733907, 1720256
Army Research Office
Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Harvard University


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