TY - JOUR

T1 - Diffusion with partial resetting

AU - Tal-Friedman, Ofir

AU - Roichman, Yael

AU - Reuveni, Shlomi

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

PY - 2022/11

Y1 - 2022/11

N2 - Inspired by many examples in nature, stochastic resetting of random processes has been studied extensively in the past decade. In particular, various models of stochastic particle motion were considered where, upon resetting, the particle is returned to its initial position. Here we generalize the model of diffusion with resetting to account for situations where a particle is returned only a fraction of its distance to the origin, e.g., half way. We show that this model always attains a steady-state distribution which can be written as an infinite sum of independent, but not identical, Laplace random variables. As a result, we find that the steady-state transitions from the known Laplace form which is obtained in the limit of full resetting to a Gaussian form, which is obtained close to the limit of no resetting. A similar transition is shown to be displayed by drift diffusion whose steady state can also be expressed as an infinite sum of independent random variables. Finally, we extend our analysis to capture the temporal evolution of drift diffusion with partial resetting, providing a bottom-up probabilistic construction that yields a closed-form solution for the time-dependent distribution of this process in Fourier-Laplace space. Possible extensions and applications of diffusion with partial resetting are discussed.

AB - Inspired by many examples in nature, stochastic resetting of random processes has been studied extensively in the past decade. In particular, various models of stochastic particle motion were considered where, upon resetting, the particle is returned to its initial position. Here we generalize the model of diffusion with resetting to account for situations where a particle is returned only a fraction of its distance to the origin, e.g., half way. We show that this model always attains a steady-state distribution which can be written as an infinite sum of independent, but not identical, Laplace random variables. As a result, we find that the steady-state transitions from the known Laplace form which is obtained in the limit of full resetting to a Gaussian form, which is obtained close to the limit of no resetting. A similar transition is shown to be displayed by drift diffusion whose steady state can also be expressed as an infinite sum of independent random variables. Finally, we extend our analysis to capture the temporal evolution of drift diffusion with partial resetting, providing a bottom-up probabilistic construction that yields a closed-form solution for the time-dependent distribution of this process in Fourier-Laplace space. Possible extensions and applications of diffusion with partial resetting are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85142203224&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.106.054116

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.106.054116

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C2 - 36559492

AN - SCOPUS:85142203224

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 106

JO - Physical Review E

JF - Physical Review E

IS - 5

M1 - 054116

ER -