Diffusion-weighted imaging in quiescent Crohn's disease: correlation with inflammatory biomarkers and video capsule endoscopy

E. Klang, U. Kopylov, R. Eliakim, N. Rozendorn, D. Yablecovitch, A. Lahat, S. Ben-Horin, M. M. Amitai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim To investigate the role of restricted diffusion in quiescent Crohn's disease (CD) patients and its association with inflammatory biomarkers and endoscopic disease. Material and methods Fifty-two quiescent CD patients prospectively underwent magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) and video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and were tested for the inflammatory biomarkers, faecal calprotectin (FCP) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Restricted diffusion in the distal ileum was qualitatively (absence/presence) and quantitatively (apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC]) assessed by two readers. The VCE-based Lewis score was calculated for the distal ileum. Restricted diffusion sensitivity and specificity for VCE ulcerations were assessed for patients with elevated (>100 μg/g) or normal (<100 μg/g) FCP. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the ability of ADC to identify patients with concurrent VCE ulceration and elevated FCP. Results The sensitivity and specificity of restricted diffusion for patients with VCE ulceration were higher in patients with elevated FCP (reader 1: 71.4%, 80%, reader 2: 76.2%, 100%, respectively) compared to patients with normal FCP (reader 1: 46.2%, 61.5%; reader 2: 15.4%, 76.9%, respectively). The ADC had a high diagnostic accuracy for identifying patients that had concurrent VCE ulceration and elevated FCP (reader 1: AUC=0.819, reader 2: AUC=0.832). Conclusion In quiescent CD patients, the presence of restricted diffusion is suggestive of an active inflammation, associated with elevated FCP. Thus, DWI may serve as a clinical tool in the follow-up of these patients, implying subclinical inflammatory flares.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798.e7-798.e13
JournalClinical Radiology
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

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