Diffractive leptoproduction of small masses in QCD

Errol Gotsman*, Eugene Levin, Uri Maor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


In this paper we consider the process of diffraction dissociation in deep inelastic scattering in which a small mass is produced. This process is analyzed by calculating q̄q and q̄qG production. We show that the small distance contributions (r ⊥ ∝ 1/Q) to the longitudinal polarized virtual photon dominate the diffractive channels. Formulae for the cross section using the gluon density are written within the framework of perturbative QCD. We show that the production of small masses by a transverse polarized photon is concentrated at moderate values of r⊥ ∼ 1 GeV-1, where the pQCD approach is valid. It is shown that only q̄q pair production contributes to diffraction dissociation with β > 0.4, and the possibility to extract the values of the gluon density from the measurements in this kinematic region is discussed. Shadowing corrections are assessed for both longitudinal and transverse polarized photons, and estimates of the different damping factors are given. The relation between diffractive production and the corrections to F2 is alluded to. The evolution of the diffractive structure function is studied and a solution to the diffractive evolution equations is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-396
Number of pages43
JournalNuclear Physics B
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 26 May 1997


FundersFunder number
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico


    • Electroproduction of small masses
    • QCD
    • Shadowing corrections


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