Induction of differentiation in HL-60 and U-937 leukemic cell lines, resulted in 1.5-10-fold increase in 45Ca2+ uptake. The increased 45Ca2+ uptake in the differentiating cells was inhibited by verapamil, cromolyn and amiloride. Elevation in Ca2+ uptake in differentiating cells was also demonstrated using the fluorescent probe, fura-2 acetoxymethyl ester. The increased 45Ca2+ uptake was accompanied by a decrease in ouabain-insensitive and -sensitive 86Rb+ uptake. Furthermore, correlation between the changes in these activities was observed. Modulation of extracellular pH affected differentiation: higher pH increased the extent of differentiation.
- (HL-60 leukemic cell, U-937 leukemic cell)
- Rb transport
- Retinoic acid