To gain insight into how sugar chain processing events modulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/proteasomal degradation we looked at human asialoglycoprotein receptor polypeptides H2a and H2b, variants which differ only by an extra pentapeptide (EGHRG) present in H2a. Membrane-bound H2a is a precursor of a soluble secreted form while H2b reaches the plasma membrane. Uncleaved precursor H2a molecules are completely retained in the ER and degraded as well as a portion of H2b. Inhibition of N-linked sugar chain mannose trimming stabilized both variants. In contrast, inhibition of glucose trimming with castanospermine greatly enhanced the degradation rate of H2a but not that of H2b. We studied a possible involvement of the ER chaperone calnexin, as inhibitors of glucose trimming are known to prevent calnexin binding.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Science|
|State||Published - 1999|
- Asialoglycoprotein receptor
- Endoplasmic reticulum degradation