Background: No previous study has examined racial differences in recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a community population. We aimed to examine racial differences in recurrent AMI risk, along with first AMI risk in a community population. Methods: The community surveillance of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (2005-2014) included 470,000 people 35 to 84 years old in 4 U.S. communities. Hospitalizations for recurrent and first AMI were identified from ICD-9-CM discharge codes. Poisson regression models were used to compare recurrent and first AMI risk ratios between Black and White residents. Results: Recurrent and first AMI risk per 1,000 persons were 8.8 (95% CI, 8.3-9.2) and 20.7 (95% CI, 20.0-21.4) in Black men, 6.8 (95% CI, 6.5-7.0) and 14.1 (95% CI, 13.8-14.5) in White men, 5.3 (95% CI, 5.0-5.7) and 16.2 (95% CI, 15.6-16.8) in Black women, and 3.1 (95% CI, 3.0-3.3) and 8.8 (95% CI, 8.6-9.0) in White women, respectively. The age-adjusted risk ratios (RR) of recurrent AMI were higher in Black men vs White men (RR, 1.58 95% CI, 1.30-1.92) and Black women vs White women (RR, 2.09 95% CI, 1.64-2.66). The corresponding RRs were slightly lower for first AMI: Black men vs White men, RR, 1.49 (95% CI, 1.30-1.71) and Black women vs White women, RR, 1.65 (95% CI, 1.42-1.92) Conclusions: Large disparities exist by race for recurrent AMI risk in the community. The magnitude of disparities is stronger for recurrent events than for first events, and particularly among women.
- Community surveillance
- Myocardial infarction outcomes
- Racial differences
- Racial disparities
- Recurrent myocardial infarction