Differences in gambling disorder recovery capital toolkits in mothers versus childless women

Belle Gavriel-Fried, Noa Vana, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jiménez-Murcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study focused on mothers and childless women in recovery from a gambling disorder (GD) in the context of risk society. Mothers with GD suffer from dual social stigma as gamblers and as women who put their children at risk. Mothers in "risk society" tend to recognize that their choices can affect their children's future. The recovery capital (RC) toolkit comprises internal and external resources and barriers enacted in recovery. This longitudinal study: (a) compared the RC toolkits of mothers versus childless women and their effects on these women's dropout and relapse rates; (b) explored the resources and barriers that predict dropout and relapse in each group. Analysis of the clinical data of 211 women with GD (N = 146 mothers) who received cognitive behavioral therapy for 16 weeks in Spain indicated that mothers reported lower levels of education and were from more disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, were older, and developed gambling-related problems in older age. Mothers had significantly lower relapse rates but not lower dropout rates. There were more personal predictors of dropout among childless women, whereas low levels of family support and the absence of gambling debts predicted dropout in the mothers' group. These findings were interpreted by combining the concepts of risk society and recovery capital in action, highlight the differences between resources and barriers in the RC toolkits used by mothers versus childless women and their interplay with the sociocultural contexts of risk society and childfree lifestyles. Therapists and policymakers should consider these differences during recovery. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

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