Diagnostic use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatectography for pancreatic duct injury in trauma patients

Igor Jeroukhimov, Itay Zoarets, Itay Wiser, Zahar Shapira, Dov Abramovich, Vladimir Nesterenko, Ariel Halevy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Trauma patients diagnosed with pancreatic duct injury (PDI) have a high complication rate and prolonged hospital stay. The role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis of PDI remains unclear. During the last decade, our trauma unit incorporated ERCP into the management protocol for suspected PDI cases. Objectives: To determine whether ERCP is a sensitive tool to detect PDI. Methods: This retrospective trauma patient series study assessed the diagnostic yield of ERCP in trauma cases with suspected PDI on computed tomography (CT) or intraoperatively. Between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2011, 13 patients admitted to our medical center underwent ERCP for suspected PDI. Patient demographics, mechanism of injury, Injury Severity Score (ISS), time from injury to ERCP, and ERCPrelated complications were documented and assessed. Results: Of the 13 patients included in the analysis, 8 stable patients with suspected PDI on CT had no leak from the main pancreatic duct on ERCP. Two of them underwent surgery for suspected pancreatic transection. ERCP confirmed a main pancreatic duct leak in three patients. Two patients underwent ERCP for suspected PDI after “damage control” surgery. No leak from the pancreatic ducts was diagnosed. No pancreas-related complications or ERCP-related complications were observed. Conclusions: ERCP is a sensitive and relatively safe tool for the diagnosis of PDI, and its use might prevent unnecessary surgical interventions in selected trauma cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-404
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume17
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • Pancreatic duct injury (PDI)
  • Trauma management

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