Introduction: The diagnosis of vertical root fracture (VRF) is at times complicated for lack of specific signs, symptoms, and/or radiographic features. The purpose of this study was to systematically search and evaluate the literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of clinical signs and symptoms and radiographic indices for the diagnosis of VRF in endodontically treated teeth by means of a systematic review. Methods: An exhaustive literature search combined with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria was undertaken to identify clinical studies that assessed the diagnosis of VRF. Results: There is no substantial evidence regarding the accuracy of the clinical and radiographic indices for the diagnosis of VRF in endodontically treated teeth. Conclusions: Evidence-based data concerning the diagnostic accuracy and clinical effectiveness of clinical and radiographic dental evaluation for the diagnosis of VRF in endodontically treated teeth are lacking. The need for evidence-based research efforts to elucidate the currently unknown situation is of utmost significance.
- systematic review
- vertical root fracture