Diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases

Massimo Imazio, Antonio Brucato, Rita Trinchero, Yehuda Adler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The management of pericardial diseases is largely empirical because of the relative lack of randomized trials that involve patients with these conditions. A first attempt to bring together and organize current knowledge resulted in the publication of the first guidelines on the management of pericardial diseases. Nevertheless, a number of observational studies and the first randomized trials are moving the management of pericardial diseases towards evidence-based medicine, particularly for pericarditis. Emerging data indicate that management can be tailored to the individual patient and, although the optimal duration of treatment is not clearly established, some recommendations can be formulated to guide management and follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-751
Number of pages9
JournalNature Reviews Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 4 Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes


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