Developmental Relations Among Behavioral Inhibition, Anxiety, and Attention Biases to Threat and Positive Information

Lauren K. White*, Kathryn A. Degnan, Heather A. Henderson, Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Olga L. Walker, Tomer Shechner, Ellen Leibenluft, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined relations between behavioral inhibition (BI) assessed in toddlerhood (n = 268) and attention biases (AB) to threat and positive faces and maternal-reported anxiety assessed when children were 5- and 7-year-old. Results revealed that BI predicted anxiety at age 7 in children with AB toward threat, away from positive, or with no bias, at age 7; BI did not predict anxiety for children displaying AB away from threat or toward positive. Five-year AB did not moderate the link between BI and 7-year anxiety. No direct association between AB and BI or anxiety was detected; moreover, children did not show stable AB across development. These findings extend our understanding of the developmental links among BI, AB, and anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-155
Number of pages15
JournalChild Development
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Institute of Mental HealthR01MH074454

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