Developmental regulation of glutamine synthetase and carbonic anhydrase II in neural retina

L. Vardimon, L. E. Fox, A. A. Moscona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Glutamine synthetase (GS) is expressed in the neural retina only in Muller glia cells and is inducible with cortisol. A chicken genomic clone that contains at least part of the coding region for the GS enzyme was used to investigate developmental changes in the levels of GS mRNA in embryonic chicken retina. A major GS transcript (~ 3 kilobases) detected by the probe begins to accumulate sharply on day 15 of embryonic development. When cortisol is prematurely supplied to early embryonic retina, it induces precocious accumulation of GS mRNA and of the GS enzyme. At later ages, these effects of cortisol are significantly greater, which suggests that competence to transcribe or stabilize GS mRNA in response to stimulation with cortisol increases with development. Carbonic anhydrase II (CA-II) is expressed in early retina in all the cells, but it becomes later restricted to Muller glia. Using cloned CA-II cDNA, we detected a high level of CA-II mRNA in early retina, followed by a decline due to arrest of CA-II mRNA accumulation in differentiated neurons. As glia cells mature, CA-II mRNA and the enzyme increase to a new high level. Therefore, changes in CA-II gene expression during retina development reflect differentiation-dependent cell-type-specific control of CA-II mRNA accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9060-9064
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Developmental regulation of glutamine synthetase and carbonic anhydrase II in neural retina'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this