Developmental expression of the glycine transporters GLYT1 and GLYT2 in mouse brain

Frantisek Jursky, Nathan Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


Using immunocytochemical localization, the distribution of the glycine transporters GLYT1 and GLYT2 in the developing mouse brain was studied. GLYT1 and GLYT2 immunoreactivity begins during the period of fiber outgrow and synaptogenesis. GLYT2 is first expressed in spinal and spinothalamic white matter and is followed by the expression of synaptophysin. In the postnatal stages, GLYT2 staining in the white matter disappears, and a punctuated pattern in the gray matter emerges. In contrast, in the fetal brain GLYT1 immunoreactivity coincides with gray matter neuropil and processes of radial glia. GLYT1 is distributed over a much wider area of the brain than GLYT2. However, the distribution of these two GLYTs implies that GLYT1 and GLYT2 operate in concert within the area where both are present. At the day 12 embryo stage, GLYT1 antibodies stain the liver, and later they also react with the pancreas and the gastroduodenal junction. No other organs exhibit significant GLYT1 immunoreactivity. We additionally observed the presence of GLYT1 in rat fetal cerebral cortex and hippocampus, which was not detected in fetal mouse brain. Moreover, GLYT1 immunoreactivity was found in the mouse floor plate and the ventral commissure but was not present in the same regions in rats. These findings suggest possible differences in the expression of GLYT1 between these two species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-344
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1996


  • Development
  • Duodenum
  • Glycine transporter GLYT1
  • Glycine transporter GLYT2
  • Growth cones
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Liver
  • Mouse
  • Pancreas
  • Radial glia
  • Rat


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