Development of quality control methods for dispersibility and stability of single-wall carbon nanotubes in an aqueous medium

Moran Ben Basat, Noa Lachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The attractive properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) such as mechanical strength and high electrical and thermal conductivity are often undercut by their agglomeration and re-agglomeration tendencies. As a result, the application of SWCNT as additives in advanced com-posite materials remain far from their potential, with proper dispersion being the major inhibitor. This work presents a dispersion quality control approach for water-based SWCNT dispersions (dis-persed by a unique combination of physical and chemical methods), using complementary and eas-ily scalable, characterization methods. UV-Vis spectroscopy, rheological measurements, and precip-itant sheet resistance were used to understand the properties of the initial solution through processing and application. From an industrial perspective, these methods are fast and easy to measure while giving a repetitive and quick indication of dispersion quality and stability. The methods were correlated with microscopy and Raman spectroscopy to validate dispersion and SWCNT quality under various dispersing energies. The protocol was then applied to estimate the stability of SWCNT solutions, as well as the effectiveness of different surfactants in aiding dispersion. The sim-ple, fast, and scalable combination of different characterizations provides good SWCNT dispersion and can be used as a quality control system for industrial production and usage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2618
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Dispersion quality
  • Electrical properties
  • Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT)

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