Objective. To develop a whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scoring system for peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. Methods.After consensus on definitions/locations of MRI pathologies, 4 multireader exercises were performed. Eighty-three joints were scored 0-3 separately for synovitis and osteitis, and 33 entheses 0-3 separately for soft tissue inflammation and osteitis. Results. In the last exercise, reliability was moderate-good for musculoskeletal radiologists and rheumatologists with previously demonstrated good scoring proficiency. Median pairwise single-measure/average-measure ICC were 0.67/0.80 for status scores and 0.69/0.82 for change scores; κranged 0.35-0.77. Conclusion. Whole-body MRI scoring of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis is reliable, which encourages further testing and refinement in clinical trials.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Outcome assessment