Development and manufacture of novel locally produced anti-BCMA CAR T cells for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma: results from a phase I clinical trial

Nathalie Asherie, Shlomit Kfir-Erenfeld, Batia Avni, Miri Assayag, Tatyana Dubnikov, Nomi Zalcman, Eyal Lebel, Eran Zimran, Adir Shaulov, Marjorie Pick, Yael Cohen, Irit Avivi, Cyrille Cohen, Moshe E. Gatt, Sigal Grisariu, Polina Stepensky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR T) therapy shows remarkable efficacy in patients with relapsed and/or refractory (R/R) multiple myeloma (MM). HBI0101, a novel second generation optimized anti-BCMA CAR T-cell therapy, was developed in an academic setting. We conducted a phase I dose-escalation study of HBI0101 (cohort 1: 150x106 CAR T cells, n=6; cohort 2: 450x106 CAR T cells, n=7; cohort 3: 800x106 CAR T cells, n=7) in 20 heavily pre-treated R/R MM patients. Grade 1-2 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was reported in 18 patients (90%). Neither grade 3-4 CRS nor neurotoxicity of any grade were observed. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed in any cohort. The overall response rate (ORR), (stringent) complete response (CR/sCR), and very good partial response rates were 75%, 50%, and 25%, respectively. Response rates were dose-dependent with 85% ORR, 71% CR, and 57% minimal residual disease negativity in the high-dose cohort 3. Across all cohorts, the median overall survival (OS) was 308 days (range 25-466+), with an estimated OS of 55% as of June 27th (data cut-off). The median progression-free survival was 160 days, with 6 subjects remaining progression free at the time of data cut-off. Our findings demonstrate the manageable safety profile and efficacy of HBI0101. These encouraging data support the decentralization of CAR T production in an academic setting, ensuring sufficient CAR T supply to satisfy the increasing local demand. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT04720313.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1827-1839
Number of pages13
JournalHaematologica
Volume108
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Amyloidosis Patient Association of Israel
Achelis Foundation
Hadassah Medical Organization
Israel Science Foundation646/20

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