Deuterium double quantum-filtered NMR studies of peripheral and optic nerves

Hadassah Shinar, Uzi Eliav, Gil Navon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Characterization of the nerve components by deuterium double quantum-filtered magnetization transfer (DQF-MT) NMR. Methods: Nerves were equilibrated in deuterated saline and 2H single-pulse and 2H DQF-MT NMR spectra were measured, enabling the separation of the different water compartments, according to their quadrupolar splittings. Results: Rat sciatic and brachial nerves and porcine optic nerve immersed in deuterated saline yielded 2H DQF spectra composed of three pairs of quadrupolar-split signals assigned to the water in the collagenous compartments and the myelin bilayer and one narrow signal assigned to the axonal water. Stretching of the nerves, application of osmotic stress and incubation in collagenase did not affect the quadrupolar splitting of the myelin water. The signals of myelin and axonal water were shown to decay during Wallerian degeneration and to rise during maturation. The chemical exchange between the myelin and the intra-axonal water was measured for optic nerve during maturation. The quadrupolar splitting of the signal of myelin water was not sensitive to its orientation relative to the magnetic field. This resembles liquid crystalline behavior, but leaves its mechanism open for interpretation. Conclusions: 2H DQF-MT NMR characterizes the different components of nerves, the water exchange between them and their changes during processes such as nerve maturation and Wallerian degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-902
Number of pages14
JournalMagnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology, and Medicine
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
United States - Israel Binational Science Foundation
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2013253

    Keywords

    • H double quantum-filtered-magnetization transfer (DQF-MT) NMR
    • Nerve maturation
    • Optic nerve
    • Peripheral nerves
    • Wallerian degeneration

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