Seismic refractions have different applications in seismic prospecting. The travel‐ times of refracted waves can be observed as first breaks on shot records and used for field static calculation. A new method for constructing a near‐surface model from refraction events is described. It does not require event picking on prestack records and is not based on any approximation of arrival times. It consists of the maximization of the semblance coherence measure computed using shot gathers in a time window along refraction traveltimes. Time curves are generated by ray tracing through the model. The initial model for the inversion was constructed by the intercept‐time method. Apparent velocities and intercept times were taken from a refraction stacked section. Such a section can be obtained by appling linea moveout corrections to common‐shot records. The technique is tested successfully on synthetic and real data. An important application of the proposed method for solving the statics problem is demonstrated.
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - Feb 1995|