Determination of a shallow velocity–depth model from seismic refraction data by coherence inversion

Evgeny Landa, Shemer Keydar, Alex Kravtcov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seismic refractions have different applications in seismic prospecting. The travel‐ times of refracted waves can be observed as first breaks on shot records and used for field static calculation. A new method for constructing a near‐surface model from refraction events is described. It does not require event picking on prestack records and is not based on any approximation of arrival times. It consists of the maximization of the semblance coherence measure computed using shot gathers in a time window along refraction traveltimes. Time curves are generated by ray tracing through the model. The initial model for the inversion was constructed by the intercept‐time method. Apparent velocities and intercept times were taken from a refraction stacked section. Such a section can be obtained by appling linea moveout corrections to common‐shot records. The technique is tested successfully on synthetic and real data. An important application of the proposed method for solving the statics problem is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-190
Number of pages14
JournalGeophysical Prospecting
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of a shallow velocity–depth model from seismic refraction data by coherence inversion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this