Determinants of patient dissatisfaction after a tension-free vaginal tape procedure for urinary incontinence

Bruno Deval, Louis Jeffry, Fadheela Al Najjar, David Soriano, Emile Daraï

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We identified the determinants of patient satisfaction after a tension-free vaginal tape procedure. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 187 consecutive women with genuine stress (133) and mixed (54) incontinence. The objective cure rate was determined by clinical and urodynamic examination, and the subjective cure rate was assessed by a visual analog scale and the Contilife questionnaire. Results: Mean followup was 27 months (range 6 to 34). The overall complication rate was 35.3%. The major perioperative and postoperative complications were bladder injury in 9.6% of cases, urinary retention in 6.4%, difficult voiding in 10.7% and new onset urge symptoms in 21.3%. The overall objective and subjective cure rates were 90.4% and 70.6%, respectively. The mean preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale score plus or minus standard deviation was 6.2 ± 2.4 and 0.9 ± 2.2, respectively (p = 0.0001). The subjective cure rate was significantly lower in women who underwent the procedure under general or spinal anesthesia than in those who received local anesthesia (p = 0.01). This difference was related to the rate of new onset urge symptoms. The mean postoperative visual analog scale score in women with and without new onset urge symptoms was 2.2 ± 3.2 and 0.2 ± 0.7, respectively (p = 0.0001). No difference in the subjective cure rate was detected according to patient age, menopausal status, previous incontinence surgery, the body mass index, additional procedures associated with tension-free vaginal tape surgery or the Ingelman-Sundberg classification. Conclusion: These results confirm that the tension-free vaginal tape procedure is associated with a high objective but lower subjective cure rate. The procedure performed using local anesthesia was associated with a lower incidence of difficult voiding and new onset urge symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2093-2097
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume167
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polypropylenes
  • Prostheses and implants
  • Questionnaires
  • Urethra
  • Urinary incontinence

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