Determinants of judgment and decision making quality: the interplay between information processing style and situational factors

Shahar Ayal*, Zohar Rusou, Dan Zakay, Guy Hochman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A framework is presented to better characterize the role of individual differences in information processing style and their interplay with contextual factors in determining decision making quality. In Experiment 1, we show that individual differences in information processing style are flexible and can be modified by situational factors. Specifically, a situational manipulation that induced an analytical mode of thought improved decision quality. In Experiment 2, we show that this improvement in decision quality is highly contingent on the compatibility between the dominant thinking mode and the nature of the task. That is, encouraging an intuitive mode of thought led to better performance on an intuitive task but hampered performance on an analytical task. The reverse pattern was obtained when an analytical mode of thought was encouraged. We discuss the implications of these results for the assessment of decision making competence, and suggest practical directions to help individuals better adjust their information processing style to the situation at hand and make optimal decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1088
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biases
  • decision making competence
  • dual-process theory
  • individual differences
  • information processing style
  • intuitive
  • rational
  • transitivity

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