The mechanisms controlling iatrogenic external root resorption (ERR) and repair were studied on 8 Macaca fascicularis monkeys. The animals were divided into short-term and long-term groups, and were treated with jackscrew, magnetic and sham palatal expansion appliances. Scanning electron microscopy morphometric analysis found major evidence of ERR in the tooth-borne jackscrew appliance, in the long-term group, in the maxillary premolars, on the buccal and furcation root surfaces, on the mesiobuccal root, and in the apical zone. Correspondingly, the ERR mechanism is controlled by the impulse (F. delta t) and the critical barrier of the periodontal ligament as primary determinants and by the environmental density as a secondary determinant. ERR is initially regulated by the force component of the impulse and, with increased duration, by the time component of the impulse. The impairment/repair dynamics were found to be regulated by three principles: ERR level of irreversibility, delayed resorption response and jiggling.
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|Published - Jun 1991